Mechanical Enginnering: Most Rewarding Branch of Engineering

Engineering is a divergent industry with various segments. It contributes majorly in the country’s economy growth & development. The Indian Government has formulated an apex body, Engineering Export Promotion Council (EEPC) to be decisive in matters related to promotion of engineering goods, products and services from India. Moreover, engineering has been de-licensed and 100 percent Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has been permitted in this sector. Apart from this, the govt. has eliminated tariff protection on goods and lowered the custom duties on various engineering equipment. National Manufacturing Policy was introduced with an aim to upgrade the sector’s share in gross domestic product (GDP) to 25 percent within a decade and generating 100 million jobs by 2022.

Market Size

As per the Frost and Sullivan’s latest study, the automotive engineering services scenario in India is expected to reach $102 million by 2015 as against $74.4 million registered in 2009 with a CAGR of 7.9 percent. Besides, NASSCOM (2006) report states that global spending for engineering services was about $750 billion in 2006. However, by the year 2020 it is estimated to exceed $1 trillion. If you are unable to digest these figures, then something even more surprising is yet to be noted. It is estimated that the engineering exports from India is estimated to touch US $70 billion for the year 2015 recording an upsurge of 15 percent from the previous fiscal year. This hike is due to the rising demands in US and UAE markets. Besides, markets in Eastern and Central European countries such as Poland seems to be promising.

What are the different branch of engineering?

There are several branches of engineering such as, computer science, civil, mechanical, biotechnology, information technology, electronics & communication, electrical, aerospace & aeronautical, chemical, nuclear, systems, automobile engineering and so forth. In the following paragraphs, we shall limit our discussion about the broadest and oldest discipline, mechanical engineering.

Why study mechanical engineering?

This is one of the core branches of engineering and its job market is always considered to be evergreen. If you are inquisitive about how things work, charmed by robots and automobile engines, mechanical engineering may be the right career choice for you. One must be equipped with appreciable aptitude for the science of mechanical engineering before even acquiring some formal education or training in this field.

Courses and Qualification

The available courses are as follows:

B.E/Btech in mechanical engineering

M.E/Mtech in mechanical engineering

Ph.D mechanical engineering

The eligibility criteria for a course in B.E/Btech is 10+2 or equivalent examination with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics from any recognized board.

Vital skills for a mechanical engineer

No doubt this field is extremely rewarding and ample opportunities are available in both public and private sectors. Utilizing the principles of energy, materials and mechanics, to design the mechanical tools & devices, mechanical engineers implement them in various development works. They must also possess the following skill set-

Complex & analytical problem solving

Critical thinking

Judgement and decision-making

Systems analysis

Operation analysis

System evaluation

Technology design

Time Management

Operation Monitoring

Quality control analysis

Troubleshooting

Management of personnel resources

Social Perceptiveness

Management of material resources

Which industries you can explore with a mechanical engineering degree?

It is true that graduates of this domain find a place for themselves in almost all the sectors of the engineering industry. These include construction industry, aerospace industry, automotive industry, defence industry, electronics industry, marine industry, materials and metal industry, consumer goods industry, pharmaceuticals industry, rail and utilities industry.

Salary

On an average a mechanical engineer can expect salaries around INR 140,833- INR 811,408 primarily depending upon the experience, cost of living, area etc. In this field dedication, discipline, expertise would be the major factors to level up your career.

It would be right to conclude that mechanical engineering has tremendous potential. Going by the current growth status, It is going to be the highest paid job by 2015.

Bedroom Decoration Tips You Must Implement

Are you quite tired of waking up to the same environment? The same old plain walls that offer nothing to your imagination other than a white sheet canvas to express itself; the same old step-weathered carpet; the same positions for everything that have been unchanged ever since you moved in. If yes, then you apparently need some bedroom refreshing to do. The ways to decorate the bedroom can only be limited by your creativity, so just find it within yourself to gather some ideas for decorating. Here are some tips that might help.

Repaint.

Always have a clean sheet to start with. And since this is your bedroom, feel free to personalize it all you like. Pick the color you like best, pick the color – or even colors, why have a limit at all? – that reflect your personality. Be it the white neutral colors of the people who like to fill in the blanks with their imagination, or the darker shades of the melancholic types, or even the vibrant colors of the social, hyperactive, and energetic people, just pick what suits you best and start painting.

Clean.

After the paint dries off, it is time for some cleaning. Take out the duster, wipes, and vacuum, and go wild. Do not forget to go from top to bottom so that you do not have to do carpet cleaning twice – once before you start, and once after you drop all the dust and cobwebs on the clean carpet. You might want to put a good medium-stiff bristled brush to work on the carpet to clean up all the hairs. You would be amazed at how many of them there will be.

Alternatively, you could go with a dependable and professional cleaning agency to take care of your bedroom cleaning, or why not even house cleaning while they are at it. The professional cleaners will get your house clean in no time, and in a much faster rate than you can.

Add.

Add new items to your bedroom, like a desk for a PC, or some shelves for your favorite or about-to-be-read books. Add a painting or two, or maybe a poster of your favorite actor or musician to add some life to those walls (yes, sometimes you can take advice from your kids for decorations).

Replace.

Improve on the old stuff. Replace some furniture with better, or wilder-looking ones. Replace the night lamp with something fresher or more interesting than the same old night lamp you have seen everywhere – like a lava lamp!

With this your bedroom will have a fresh new beginning, and you can feel free to add whatever you feel right. And do experiment all you like – it is your bedroom, after all.

Restyle.

After all the cleaning and repainting, start to think style. Find a new place for the bed – the enclosed corner of the room, or the center spot to have a room focus, your choice. Find a new place for the wardrobe and dresser, and while you are on it, why not organize it so that clothes-finding is not an issue during this season.

The latest trend in home styling are the themed bedrooms. You can choose among various themes like vintage theme, classy theme, funky theme, garden theme, Contemporary theme, open sky theme and what not. Select the one that goes with your mood, and choose furniture, curtains, wall color, flat sheets accordingly to make you feel new. Are you ready?

Automotive Engineer

An automotive engineer helps design, adapt and develop vehicles either for retail or for motorsport. He or she may specialise in a particular area e.g. in the development of parts such as the chassis, or may be an expert on electrical technology or aerodynamics or fuel consumption or thermodynamics. They usually work as part of a multidisciplinary team with members both in the UK and abroad.

Tasks undertaken by an automotive engineer include

o Using technical skills and computer design technology to find ways of building new systems and parts for vehicles, whilst being aware of environmental issues affecting the new designs

o Creating prototypes and find ways of testing new products both using computer software and physically testing them

o Managing and leading projects, including the work of other staff, and overseeing the budget during the production process, and being responsible for all quality control issues

o Attending meetings in order to discuss new technology and take into account others’ concerns or suggestions

o Keeping up to date with new processes and technology, and developing new ways of designing and creating change

o Solving engineering problems in all areas of vehicle construction including electrical, thermodynamic, fuselage, and aerodynamics

Automotive engineers in the retail industry are still primarily based in the Midlands which is where most car manufacturing takes place. Those working in motorsport may be based in the South East however in what is known as Motorsport Valley, which is where they tend to have their research, design and production facilities. Other smaller specialist firms are dotted around the UK and it is possible to find work with one of these.
The hours worked by automotive engineers is usually 9-5 in the retail industry, but will vary for those working in motorsport where weekend and evening work is the norm.

Starting salaries in retail are from £25-£30,000 depending on degree grade and area of specialisation. Salaries rise with experience, and after four years should be around the £50,000 mark. Salaries for those working in motorsport may be considerably higher. There is the potential for overseas travel in both sectors.

A Career in Automotive Engineering

Would you like to make “I’m a rambling wreck from Georgia Tech and a heck of an engineer” a reality in your life? Have you always enjoyed tinkering around with cars and figuring out what made stuff work? Does being a team player developing products that are the cutting edge of technology appeal to you? Then automotive engineering might be the career for you.

Generally, an automotive engineer is one who works on the design or manufacture of automobiles. The word design is slightly misleading since an automotive designer is a stylist basically concerned with the appearance of the automobile while the engineer specializes in the performance of the automobile and its components.

The engineer works on developing new or improved structural parts, engines, transmissions and suspension systems. The engineer is involved in production cost estimation, reduction of production costs and implementing cost/quality control improvements. The engineer must be sure that the product meets all federal regulations. In the case of new designs, it is the engineer who determines driveability.

According to the U.S. Department of Labor Dictionary of Occupational Titles, automotive engineering is a sub-specialty of mechanical engineering.

Even though the automotive manufacturing industry is in a slump at this time, there is still a demand for engineers due to the current focus on fuel economy and alternate fueled vehicles. The field is expected to grow as fast as average through 2014.

While there are global opportunities for automotive engineers in countries as far flung as Malaysia and the United Kingdom, most jobs within the US are centered in the Midwest since that is the major location of the auto industry. The big three employers in the United States are Ford, General Motors and Daimler-Chrysler.

The working environment is a combination of office and on site. The entry-level salary starts at around $48,000 annually and a Bachelor of Science degree is required. In addition to the degree, the engineer should have excellent communication skills, strong troubleshooting skills and the ability to work as part of a team.

As with any engineering degree, the choice of a college is crucial. While all engineering colleges are selective, the better and the best are even more so.

One characteristic you need to look for in a college is the quality of instruction. Are all the classes taught by professional teachers and not graduate assistants? Do these teachers have industry connections? Is simulation and hands-on an integral part of the program?

Does the college offer internships or work study opportunities? Internships and work-study are very important as they offer a path to instant employment upon graduation. The same is true of having instructors with industry connections. It also doesn’t hurt to consider a college that offers advanced degrees in the event you decide to go further than a bachelor’s degree.

To ensure admission to the college of choice, a high school graduate should have a high GPA with a strong background in calculus, advanced math, statistics, physics, chemistry and geometry. Vocational classes in automotive mechanics are also helpful. It will also be necessary to score high on whatever college admissions test the school requires as the admissions committee will base their decision on both your high school record and admissions test scores

Things You Should Consider When Remodeling The Kitchen

The kitchen reflects lifestyle and should also be good enough to accommodate all cooking needs. Today the kitchen is much more than just a cooking space, it can be where you dine with your family too. Open plan kitchens have become very popular and when you have everything sorted out, you will love the beautiful addition that is your kitchen to your living space. If you do not like the way your kitchen looks now, you can always have it remodeled to suit your preferences.

Kitchen remodeling contractors offer very good services to help you create a beautiful cooking space complete with enough storage and space. Modern kitchens are colorful and designed in such a way that they match with the décor of your home. Here are some of the most important elements you should consider when remodeling the kitchen.

Space available – A spacious kitchen is easier to design and it will also give you a pleasant time getting everything organized. The size of the space you have in the kitchen should be used to decide what layout is most suitable. Your designer can help you come up with a solid plan for the remodeling so you are able to make choices that suit the square footage that you have available.

Existing layout – Sometimes all you need is to make a few changes to the existing layout to have your dream kitchen, but in others, you might not like anything about the layout hence may need to even have the doors and windows replaced. Modifications to the existing layout are much easier and cheaper than having to replace almost everything. Call in an expert contractor and sell your idea to them so they can decide whether it is possible to work with existing layout or not to achieve your expected results. Think about what works and what doesn’t work with the current layout to make right decisions.

Kitchen layout options – Kitchen remodels can be transforming to your layout and you must think about the layout options that you have. Of course the amount of space available will determine what kitchen layouts are possible. The most common layout options that you have include one wall which is an ultimate space saver, gallery or walk through layout that works for small spaces, L-shaped layout that maximizes corner spaces and eliminated traffic, U-shaped that flows traffic around your kitchen island, island and peninsula layouts. Your contractor should be able to get yourself familiar with the options and help you decide the best for your home and space.

Infrastructure – The age of the building or the kitchen can expose you to other concerns during the remodeling process. Think about how possible it is for the structure to accommodate everything you want to install as you remodel and additional works that might be needed in the space to achieve your desired results. For instance, will the remodeling project have an effect on the walls, ceilings and floors? If yes, can you accommodate the additional needs?

Vancouver kitchen remodeling services can transform your cooking space into an inviting relaxing space. You only need to make the right decisions and work with the professionals.

How Custom Rugs Can Finish the Perfect Interior

Any interior designer will tell you that in order to make a room stand out and look exceptional there has to be some form of statement, whether it be particularly bold colours, an intriguing focal point or unique works of art. To achieve a designer look the room needs to be well designed but also different, otherwise it can appear too clinical. People aspire to magazine worthy interiors, but they also want to feel like they are at home.

There are various ways to achieve a personalised touch on a home or office interior, the most obvious would be to use pictures of family or friends however this can often detract from the professional appearance that was sought in the first place. Art, whether it is fine art hung on the wall, sculptures or pottery can be used to add a sense of identity and self. The problem with art is that, for many it is less accessible, unless we have a vivid interest in the subject it is unlikely that we will identify with an individual piece, and if we do, budget requirements may very well get in the way. Antique or heirloom furniture is a great way of adding something personal to a room but is reliant on not only availability of said but it fitting with the interior. Something that has been made by yourself or family can be a great focal point, if the skill is there. One solution is to commission a bespoke or custom piece, a simple and effective way of doing so is the creation of a custom rug.

Most living areas and many work spaces already utilise rugs to add warmth, colour, texture and design, so in many ways a custom rug it is the perfect item to personalise. Involvement in the design process can also the design to be personalised without the skill needed to make something with your own hands. There are limits to what can be created, however the very fact that you have worked alongside a manufacturer to produce the design makes it unique, personal and, if done right, perfect for the interior.

Custom and bespoke rugs can be made to any size, shape, and colour. Tones from existing furniture or fabrics can be used to match and blend and the design can follow the flow of the room or stand out to be a talking point and central focal point to the room. In terms of budget, while a rug made to custom requirements may cost more than most standard rugs, the expense is in some ways reduced by the fact that there is not a need to purchase a standard rug and a separate focal point or personalised piece to finish the room.

Love-Rugs is a leading UK supplier of custom and bespoke rugs, supplying completely unique and made-to-measure rugs from £145 per square metre.

Kitchen Cabinet Suppliers Can Make Renovations Easier

Some cherish the old wooden cupboards of the past and quickly replaced by others. When considering a kitchen makeover, contact a kitchen cabinet supplier early in the process. Cabinets are the center of attraction so make a well-informed decision.

Cabinets

Standard off the shelf cabinets can still be high quality with the right materials and assembly. Whether a person prefers clean, contemporary lines, mission styles, or traditional there are plenty of cabinets to choose from. The finishes and colors available are numerous, including dark or light colors, wood tones, or painted surfaces, and all combinations thereof. Contact an experienced kitchen cabinet supplier to explore all your options.

The cabinet doors may be clear or frosted glass, solid wood, or open shelves. Glass fronts are pretty and make the kitchen feel more open, however, they show all the clutter so use them to display china, not canned goods. Open shelves are more accessible than ever, but if not well organized they can appear untidy.

Some customers know what they want and prefer custom made cabinets to add that extra flair to their kitchen. This is particularly the case if the kitchen area is an unusual shape and the plan is to use every inch possible. Some homeowners prefer custom made cabinets to inject their personal uniqueness and with the help of a kitchen cabinet supplier success is virtually guaranteed.
Corner cabinets can cost you cargo space unless a Lazy Susan or turntable is incorporated.

Turntables that come entirely out of the corner are relatively new on the market; these add ease of use and function to an otherwise uncomfortable or dead space.

Small spaces between cabinets or appliances are a perfect place to add pull out shelves for small items such as spices. Ask your kitchen cabinet supplier how to include them in the initial plans and how wide they can be.

Other accessories include surprises such as cookware organizer drawers for pots and pans or tilt out shelves on sink fronts for sponges. How convenient would it be to have a trash container pull out that holds two vessels? These are the little luxuries a makeover can provide for pennies on the dollar, ask a kitchen cabinet supplier for the details.

Hardware

The hardware will have a significant effect on the overall picture too. Using a rustic style knob may conflict with a modern theme. Transitional styled tools are mostly combined configurations either in color or form. Hardware finishes define the cabinet style by using zinc, steel, brushed aluminum, or pewter. Take time to compare them with the cabinets chosen.

Don’t forget to include the hood, and consider adding extra storage. Storage can be added too, an island that offers seating and multiple drawers or a large area with inside organizers is one way to fill that need.

Kitchen cabinet suppliers make selecting the most desirable cabinets easy and affordable. They will assist clients with design ideas to achieve the look they want and remain within the budget.

Know what to look for, and be sure to ask if top manufacturers handcraft them. Ask what materials they’re made of and what inside accessories can be added to capture the best use of space. Good looks and functionality are important especially in the heart of the house.

Saving Our Beloved Cars and the Automotive Industry

Once again the US automotive industry is in dire straits. It did not learn from the 1973 energy crisis. It did not learn from the Chrysler experience. It did not learn from Toyota. It continued to depend on old, worn out concepts and on CEO’s that are kept in their positions by nepotism and by boards that do not understand the automotive business.

In a joint effort the Big Three are asking the US government for a $25 billion loan. They argue that government demands for increased fuel efficiency are too expensive to implement and require huge amounts of capital for retooling.

Let’s assume for the moment that the argument has some merit. But how can companies with worldwide manufacturing facilities fail to notice the steady increase in fuel prices and not see the warning signs hoisted by governments across the world that want to limit greenhouse gas emissions and fossil fuel consumption. This neglect is inexcusable.

Efforts of US and European governments to limit fuel consumption are misdirected, counterproductive, and coercive. A comprehensive analysis quickly reveals that we must indeed limit and eventually halt greenhouse gas emissions.

OPEC countries will continue their unstoppable increases of petroleum prices. Electric cars, CNG powered cars, and hydrogen powered cars cannot stop carbon dioxide emissions perceptibly and will not make our country independent of OPEC imports.

Automotive companies are critically dependent on the fickle and changing preferences of national and international markets. Industrial companies that follow political hype will be punished sooner or later. Governments are incapable of designing automobiles for the market place.

The world is relegated to using automobiles, trucks, trains, ships, and airplanes for the next century and will have to power most of them with liquid transportation fuels. We may be able to use less of them, we will be able to reduce energy consumption, we can use other forms of energy for some transportation, and we can produce petroleum substitutes from biomass. We can even produce biomass without competing with critically important food crops.

In order to minimize fuel consumption quickly, the auto industry is forced to deal with performance features. American drivers cannot avoid covering much longer distances than European or Japanese drivers. American drivers have less access to public transportation, have larger families, and drive on different types of roads. Automotive companies must listen to their customers. Toyota and Honda have been listening most successfully.

American and foreign car companies have developed a wide range of comfortable cars with a wide variety of utilitarian and luxury features. Sportive cars and SUV’s are attracting large numbers of buyers. All cars offer a wide selection of comfort and entertainment features. One major car component has received only peripheral attention; it is the much maligned internal combustion engine.

Many modern internal combustion engines are marvels of engineering. Materials, manufacturing processes, and especially peripheral components have progressed to unprecedented levels of performance and longevity. There is a last frontier that has escaped deserved attention. This is the highly energy efficient combustion engine. This is the type of engine that the automotive engine needs to develop, this is the engine that legislators should make mandatory. This is the engine that we need to use for at least one more century.

Long term the automotive industry has to develop an entirely new, advanced, internal combustion engine!

Average energy efficiency of the worlds inventory of combustion engines is somewhere in the lower mid-twenties. Energy efficiency cannot grow indefinitely. When approaching the 50% efficiency mark, it will be difficult and very expensive to increase efficiency by a single percent. Advanced automotive engines are operating in the mid-thirties. Large stationary engines are breaking the 45% mark. Large engines on trains and ships are getting above 40%. Looking at the total world inventory, we may still have a chance to nearly double energy efficiency and to cut energy consumption of present inventory in half.

We cannot reach this goal by legislating fuel consumption of cars only. We can achieve optimum energy efficiency only by reengineering the processes taking place within and around the internal combustion space.

We know that higher compression ratios will increase energy efficiency, we know how to produce high octane fuel, we know why Diesel engines are more efficient, we know how to minimize formation of pollutants. The automotive industry has developed a huge selection of sophisticated electronic components for single cylinder fuel injection, for precise controls of valve motion and ignition timing, and for reclaiming waste energy at the exhaust.

No company seems to have found the nerve to get a jump on the competition and develop the successor to the two more than century old engine concepts; the Otto and the Diesel engines.

If the US government decides to extend a $25 billion loan to the automotive industry, it should attach a few conditions. The loan needs to be secured and must take precedent over shareholder equity. The loan should stipulate that the salaries of top management are tethered to salaries of other top CEO’s like that of the US President. The obscene bonuses of yesterday should be paid only after a waiting period of at least five years; in which previously agreed upon management objectives must have been met or exceeded.

We must stop the prevalent looting of cash from US manufacturing companies by unscrupulous investors. These investors do not contribute anything of lasting value. They are excessively rewarded for ruining once healthy companies. We cannot continue to let a selected few impoverish the many and ruin our country irreparably.

Dr. Hemsath recently published the book: CLIMATE CHANGE – GOLD RUSH OR DISASTER? For 50 years he has worked as scientist, process engineer, Corporate Vice President of R&D, Company President, CEO, and Inventor. He holds more than 60 US Patents.